Let $G$ be a finite graph allowing loops, having no multiple edge and no isolated vertex. We associate $G$ with the edge polytope ${\cal P}_G$ and the toric ideal $I_G$. By classifying graphs whose edge polytope is simple, it is proved that the toric ideals $I_G$ of $G$...

We study stacks of slope-semistable twisted sheaves on orbisurfaces with projective coarse spaces and prove that in certain cases they have many of the asymptotic properties enjoyed by the moduli of slope-semistable sheaves on smooth projective surfaces. Comment: 27 pages; further clarification of the introduction; comments still ...

Motivated by the relationship of classical modular functions and Picard--Fuchs linear differential equations of order 2 and 3, we present an analogous concept for equations of order 4 and 5. Comment: 33 pages

We give two constructions of surfaces in simply-connected 4-manifolds with non simply-connected complements. One is an iteration of the twisted rim surgery introduced by the first author. We also construct, for any group G satisfying some simple conditions, a simply-connected symplectic manifold containing a symplectic surface whose complement...

Repeated observations of a quantum system interacting with another one can drive the latter toward a particular quantum state, irrespectively of its initial condition, because of an {\em effective non-unitary evolution}. If the target state is a pure one, the degree of purity of the system approaches unity,...

The goal of this paper is to calculate the trace of the composition of a Hecke correspondence and a (high enough) power of the Frobenius at a good place on the intersection cohomology of the Satake-Baily-Borel compactification of certain Shimura varieties, to stabilize the result for Shimura varieties...

The claim that the large scale structure of the Universe is heirarchical has a very long history going back at least to Charlier's papers of the early 20th century. In recent years, the debate has centered largely on the works of Sylos Labini, Joyce, Pietronero and others, who...

In this paper, we prove that the set of triangulations of a polygon can be equipped with an order to become a lattice. First, we define this order. In [HN99], authors defined the flip operator and then prove some properties of the graph of triangulations. We use their...

We present a joint implementation of dynamical-mean-field theory (DMFT) with the pseudopotential plane-wave approach, via Wannier functions, for the determination of the electronic properties of strongly correlated materials. The scheme uses, as input for the DMFT calculations, a tight-binding Hamiltonian obtained from the plane-wave calculations by projecting onto...

We adapt some of the methods of quantum Teichm\"uller theory to construct a family of representations of the pure braid group of the sphere. Comment: 15 pages. Several typos corrected. To appear in Communications in Contemporary Mathematics