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27th International Conference on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators (STI 2023)

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The Evolving Scholar | ARCH22

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Recent Publications

03/06/2024| By
Karin Karin Høyland

This project examines the practices of six Norwegian municipalities, which in a va-riety of ways are trying to enable mentally disabled residents to build or buy their own homes. The survey has confirmed some previous findings: the financing model operat-ed by the Norwegian State Housing Bank makes it possible for many mentally disabled persons to purchase homes on the ordinary housing market. However, even though private developers are without exception friendly, this appears to be a complicated and resource-demanding process. The cases show how municipalities can enable better processes in different ways. Leaving home can be a major upheaval both for young mentally disabled people and their parents, entailing changes in the young person’s re-sponsibilities, personal economy, and sense of independence. The overall objective is achieving inclusivity. Some of the homes are quite ordinary and are located among other similar homes, but our findings indicate that to date, residents experience little or no positive interaction with their other neighbors. Natural meeting places and commu-nal areas dedicated to entire neighborhoods occur only rarely in new housing projects. If we are to meet the objectives of inclusivity and participation, we have to expand our focus and not only look at the homes but also at the neighborhood in which the resi-dents shall be included.

12/02/2024| By
Flavio Flavio Farroni,
+ 5
Dario Dario Milone

Optimizing the performance of racing motorcycles is a central goal for competition teams. The necessity to ensure driver stability and a good level of grip in the widest possible range of riding conditions makes it necessary for tires to work in the right temperature window, capable of ensuring the highest interaction force between tire and road. Specifically, the internal temperature of the tire is a parameter that can be difficult to measure and control but has a significant impact on motorcycle performance and, also, on driver stability. Deepening knowledge of internal tire temperature in racing motorcycles can improve performance optimization on the track and finding the right motorcycle setup. In this work, a physical thermal model is adopted for an activity concerning the development of a moto-student vehicle, to predict the racing motorcycle setup allowing the tire to work in a thermal window that optimizes grip and maximizes tire life. More in detail, a focus has been placed on the effects of the motorcycle’s wheelbase and pivot height variations on internal tire temperatures. Indeed, the stability and handling of the vehicle are highly dependent on the geometric properties of the chassis. Several values of such quantities have been tested in a properly implemented vehicle model developed in the “VI-BikeRealTime” environment, validated by outdoor tests, able to provide forces acting on the tires, slip indices, and speeds, needed by the thermal model as inputs. Through the analysis of the internal temperatures calculated by the model, reached by the various layers of the tire, it has been possible to investigate which of the simulated conditions cause a too-fast thermal activation of the tire and which of them can avoid overheating and underheating phenomena. Lately, this research has delved into the correlation between motorcycle riders' paths and temperature fluctuations with the aim of comprehending how minor alterations in routine maneuvers may influence tire energy activation, particularly in the context of racing and qualifying conditions.

12/02/2024| By
Karl Ludwig Karl Ludwig Stolle,
+ 1
Stephan Stephan Schmidt

Active safety systems for powered two wheelers (PTWs) are considered a key pillar to further reduce the number of accidents and thus of injured riders and fatalities. Enhanced awareness for the current riding situation is required to improve the performance of current systems as well as to enable new ones; this includes the detection of the rider’s intention – the action that is planned by the rider for the short-term future. The prediction of a continuous trajectory for the upcoming seconds of the ride is one way to express rider intention. Our work pursues the prediction of the PTW lateral dynamic state by means of a roll angle trajectory over the upcoming 4 s of riding. It thus considers the special vehicle dynamics characteristics of single-track vehicles that negotiate bends at a roll angle compared to cars. A deep learning (DL) prediction model that is based on a Long-Short Term Memory (LSTM) layer is optimized and trained for this task using a broad on-road riding dataset that focuses on the rural road environment. Inputs to the prediction model are PTW internal signals only, that are measurements of vehicle dynamics, rider inputs, and rider behavior. The latter two groups of signals are non-common for current series production PTWs and were especially added to our test bike before gathering the riding data set. The prediction performance of the optimized DL model is compared to a simple heuristic algorithm using multiple metrics in the roll angle and position trajectory domain. Evaluation on a representative test data set shows a significantly improved detection of rider intention by the DL model in all metrics. Reasonable lateral trajectory accuracy is achieved for at least 2 s of the total 4 s prediction horizon in 99 % of all test cases, given the chosen model architecture and input features. Furthermore, the feature importance of the especially added non-common measurement signals of steering and rider behavior is investigated in an ablation study. It reveals the importance of steering signals in the first second of the prediction horizon whereas the rider behavior signals aid trajectory prediction performance for up to 2.5 s.

Version 1
CSR for Social Impact
06/02/2024| By
Meera Meera Almarri

Abstract Initiatives in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) can contribute to many programs for sustainable development. The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is considered to have been slower to change in CSR than have other Western developed countries. The purpose of this research is to explore examples in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) of how project initiatives in CSR and sustainable development can facilitate heightened awareness, engagement, and execution of action for sustainability. This research utilizes qualitative case study methods analysing a United Nations (UN) supported annual youth engagement program focused on implementation of sustainable development projects in the UAE. The varying degrees of project complexity and “programmification” of sustainability activities in the UAE reveals a more systematic and mature stage of CSR and sustainable development projects and programs than is reported in the literature. The application of project management to organize, implement, align, and monitor sustainability-centred programs provides knowledge relevant to the UAE and other countries interested in the strategic management of change. The study demonstrates the application and value of project management for implementing sustainable development initiatives and highlights the collaborative contribution of corporate and governmental stakeholders to project management in organizations. An important area for future research on sustainable development in the MENA region is to study corporate and public sector partnerships in CSR projects and sustainability programs.

15/01/2024| By
Venecia Venecia Tejada Reyes,
Maribel Maribel Almonte Tejeda

La investigación tendrá como principal objetivo analizar la integración de las TIC en la enseñanza de la Lengua y Literatura en el Nivel Secundario del Liceo Alejandro Gomera, República Dominicana. Se tratará de un estudio con enfoque mixto, de tipo descriptivo de corte trasversal, formativo, con un diseño no experimental. La muestra estará constituida por 3 docentes de lengua y literatura y 176 estudiantes de 3ero, 4to y 5to del nivel secundario que cursan la asignatura, para la recolección de datos, se utilizará la observación directa de las clases virtuales durante un semestre y dos cuestionarios diseñados en Google Forms, uno para las docentes conformado por 64 preguntas, y el de los estudiantes por 45 preguntas. Con la integración de las TIC en la planificación de la asignatura se espera lograr fomentar el incremento del nivel de capacitación y formación tecnológica en el uso y manejo de las TIC en los docentes de para que tengan un mejor manejo de la tecnología y se motiven a mantenerse a la vanguardia tecnológica en este mundo cambiante, y de esta forma se sientan en la necesidad de incorporar y trabajar de manera constante con una serie de estrategias y recursos tecnológicos con la intención de incidir positivamente en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de los estudiantes. Así mismo al lograr enumerar y determinar correctamente las barreras que impiden que los alumnos puedan incorporar y manejar las TIC se podrán vislumbrar una serie de opciones pedagógicas y didácticas para lograr un efectivo uso de estas y así obtener el mayor provecho en sus aprendizajes y su vida diaria, ya que estas le permitirán conocer y familiarizarse con todo el abanico de opciones que les brinda la tecnología y a su vez ayudarlos a trabajar con ellas para obtener el mejor resultado.

08/01/2024| By
Sonia Juliana Sonia Juliana Pérez-Pérez

El mundo globalizado se caracteriza por el auge de nuevas tecnologías de la información y la comunicación, las cuales han cambiado la forma en que vivimos. La educación, como eje transversal de la vida humana, necesita actualizarse constantemente en virtud de las nuevas estrategias, materiales, recursos y desarrollos derivados de tales cambios. En este contexto, surgen propuestas que potencian la calidad de los procesos académico a partir de metodologías activas variadas, donde la relación entre el estudiante y el docente así como la relación entre el estudiante y el conocimiento cambian, mediadas ahora por nuevos paradigmas epistemológicos en virtud de las nuevas pedagogías emergentes en el contexto de los ambientes virtuales de aprendizaje.

05/01/2024| By
Marcelo Marcelo Storoszczuk Durán

Este artículo examina el panorama actual de la educación, centrándose en tres aspectos clave: la modernización académica, la reforma educativa y la orientación vocacional. En un contexto global de rápidos avances tecnológicos y cambios socioeconómicos, las instituciones educativas se enfrentan al desafío de adaptarse para preparar a los estudiantes de manera efectiva para el mundo moderno. La modernización académica aborda la necesidad de integrar tecnologías emergentes, metodologías educativas innovadoras y enfoques centrados en el estudiante. Se exploran estrategias para aprovechar la inteligencia artificial, la realidad virtual y otras herramientas digitales con el objetivo de mejorar la calidad de la enseñanza y fomentar el desarrollo de habilidades relevantes para el siglo XXI. La reforma educativa se aborda desde una perspectiva sistémica, considerando cambios en los currículos, evaluaciones y políticas educativas. Se analizan iniciativas gubernamentales y colaboraciones entre diferentes actores del sistema educativo para promover la equidad, la inclusión y la excelencia académica. Finalmente, la orientación vocacional emerge como un componente fundamental en este contexto, buscando alinear los intereses y habilidades de los estudiantes con las demandas del mercado laboral. Se examinan programas y enfoques efectivos para brindar orientación vocacional desde etapas tempranas de la educación, permitiendo a los estudiantes tomar decisiones informadas sobre su futuro profesional. A través de un enfoque integral, este artículo aboga por un cambio holístico en la educación para preparar a los individuos no solo con conocimientos académicos, sino también con habilidades prácticas y una comprensión profunda de sus opciones vocacionales en un mundo en constante evolución.

Version 1
Orvium Education
Educar en la Era Digital
21/12/2023| By
Marcelo Marcelo Storoszczuk Durán

En su obra "Educar en la Era Digital", el educador y asesor educativo uruguayo Marcelo Storoszczuk Durán nos sumerge en un fascinante viaje hacia el futuro de la enseñanza. Se analiza con agudeza la transformación radical que la tecnología ha impuesto en el panorama educativo. Explora cómo la era digital ha alterado los métodos tradicionales, desafiando la estructura misma de las aulas. A través de una cuidadosa investigación y experiencia personal, Storoszczuk aborda los desafíos y oportunidades que la tecnología presenta en la educación. Examina cómo la inteligencia artificial, la realidad virtual y otras innovaciones han redefinido el aprendizaje, desdibujando las fronteras entre el aula y el ciberespacio. El autor destaca la importancia de cultivar habilidades como el pensamiento crítico, la adaptabilidad y la alfabetización digital para preparar a las nuevas generaciones. El libro también aborda temas candentes como la brecha digital y la equidad educativa, planteando preguntas cruciales sobre cómo garantizar que todos los estudiantes tengan acceso igualitario a las herramientas digitales. Storoszczuk propone soluciones prácticas y políticas para abordar estas disparidades, subrayando la urgencia de una educación inclusiva y accesible para todos. A medida que el autor desentraña las complejidades de la educación en la era digital, ofrece estrategias innovadoras para que educadores y padres guíen a los estudiantes en un mundo cada vez más conectado. Destaca la importancia de fomentar la creatividad, el trabajo en equipo y la resiliencia en un entorno digital en constante evolución. Con un enfoque y lenguaje accesible, Storoszczuk desafía a los lectores a repensar el propósito fundamental de la educación y a abrazar las posibilidades transformadoras que la tecnología puede ofrecer. "Educar en la Era Digital" es una obra imprescindible para aquellos que buscan comprender y moldear el futuro de la enseñanza en un mundo cada vez más digitalizado. Dirigido tanto a docentes como a entusiastas de la educación.

Version 1
Orvium Education
Introduction to research: Mastering the basics
01/12/2023| By
Mohammad Mohammad Toyon

This paper provides an in-depth introduction to research methods and discusses numerous aspects related to the research process. It begins with an overview of research—what it is, why it is important, what forms it might take, and what its fundamental components are—before shifting its attention to the design of research and the benefits and drawbacks of various approaches. In addition, the article details the purpose of and procedures for a literature review. Data collection, its varieties, technique selection, validity, and reliability are then addressed. Ethics in research and guidelines for research are also discussed, along with the various types of data analysis, and how results should be obtained. In addition, the paper covers topics such as reference and citation management. This paper takes a narrative approach to summarising the scholarly resources useful for introductory-level coursework in research method. Both research and writing are never-ending processes, with endless opportunities for improvement. However, the compilation of essential academic resources might help university students, researchers and research method instructors.

02/11/2023| By
+ 2
Juliana E. Juliana E. Gonçalves

Over the last decade, solar energy has proven to be a key technology in transitioning to a sustainable energy system. However, current solar energy policies favour affluent households, limiting the participation of disadvantaged households in the energy transition. This leaves disadvantaged households even more vulnerable to increasing energy costs, as the recent unprecedented rise in energy prices has painfully demonstrated. To ensure that transition mechanisms are accessible to all households, solar energy policy needs to consider spatial justice. With this perspective, we go beyond technical analyses of solar energy potential and use a socio-spatial approach to evaluate the adoption of solar energy in The Hague. This policy brief is based on a research study that evaluated the transition to solar energy in the city of The Hague, The Netherlands, from a spatial justice perspective. Through a socio-spatial analysis at the postcode level, the research identified four distinct groups with varying levels of access to solar energy. The results show that these groups are not only strongly segregated across the city but also overlap with existing socio-spatial inequalities. The four levels of access to solar energy are then compared to current solar adoption rates and technical rooftop energy potential in the city. Results show that decreasing levels of access to solar energy align with decreasing adoption rates, revealing that current policies fail to provide equitable access to solar energy, leading to inequalities in adoption rates. Furthermore, the study quantifies how much of the technical potential available in The Hague is in areas where access to solar energy is limited, revealing a significant amount of untapped technical potential with the potential to address existing socio-spatial inequalities. Finally, two groups of interest and related leverage points for future policy interventions to address equity in the transition to solar energy in The Hague were identified.